National flag of Georgia
The national flag of Georgia is a white rectangle, with in its central portion a large red cross touching all four sides of the flag. In the four corners there are four bolnur-katskhuri crosses of the same color.
Georgia national flag
A white flag depicting a Jerusalem cross (a large cross with smaller crosses in each quarter) was first used in the 14th century. In 1999 the Georgia legislature voted to make it the national flag, but President Eduard Shevardnadze did not sign the bill. The flag then became a popular symbol for those opposing Shevardnadze's government, and it was officially adopted on January 14, 2004, after a new national government took office.
Georgia flag colors - meaning
Five crosses symbolizes Christianity and sacrifice
White stands for peace
History of Georgia flag
The Georgia national flag, designed by Jakob Nikoladze, had been first hoisted on March 25, 1917. After the World War I, an independent Georgian Democratic Republic was proclaimed on May 26, 1918 with the Cherry red flag as its national flag. The flag's status as national flag ended when Soviet forces invaded Georgia in 1921. The Soviet Union abolished the flag as it incorporatied Georgia into the USSR.
Georgia flag history
During the Soviet period of 1921 - 1937, Georgia used a red Soviet flag incorporating the Cyrillic characters ССРГ (SSRG) in the canton. SSRG refered to Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia
During the Soviet period of 1937 - 1951, Georgia used a red Soviet flag with the Georgian characters საქართველოს სსრ (Sakartvelos SSR) in gold in the canton.
On April 11, 1951, Georgia adopted a red Soviet flag incorporating a red hammer and sickle with a star in a blue sun in the canton of flag. The flag of Georgian SSR was abolished by the Georgian government in November 1990 shortly before it declared independence from the Soviet Union.
The flag used by the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921 was readopted on November 14, 1990 ahead of Georgia's proclamation of independence on April 9, 1991.Cherry red is considered the national colour of Georgia and symbolizes the good times in the past and optimism for the future, black stands for the tragedies of the past Russian rule and white represents hope for the future.
The current flag of Georgia was adopted on 14 January, 2004. Originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia, it was brought back to popular use in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during periods of the Georgian national revival. It has served as one of the most recognizable symbols of the Rose Revolution.